BANGKOK CITY 


Bangkok, or Krung Thep Maha Nakhorn, is the capital, and chief port of Thailand.  It is the only cosmopolitan city in a country of small towns 

and villages and is Thailand’s cultural and commercial center.

Bangkok became the capital of Siam (as Thailand was previously known) in 1782, when General Chao Phraya Chakkri, the founder of the ruling Chakkri dynasty, assumed the throne as King Rama I and moved the court from the western side to the east bank of the Chao Phraya River.

When Bangkok became the national capital in the 18th century and its citadel was moved to the east bank of the Chao Phraya River, Chinese merchants and tradesmen occupying the site moved a short distance southward to the area now known as Sam Peng.  Business was at first carried on in one-story wood and thatch houses.  But by the early 1900s several streets had been lined with two-story masonry shop-houses.  This ever-expanding district now contains rows of shop-houses that are sometimes five or more stories high.  Warehouses line both banks of the river just south of Sam Peng, while industry is concentrated at Sam Rong, south of the port.  Nightlife flourishes on Pat Pong Road.  The financial district straddles Silom Road.


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